Abiy Ahmed Biography
Abiy Ahmed (Abiyyii Ahimad Alii) is an Ethiopian politician serving as the fourth prime minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. On October 11, 2019 he was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in ending the 20-year stalemate between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Abiy Ahmed Ali Age
Abiy is 43 years old; he was born on August 15, 1976 in Beshasha, Jimma Zone, Socialist Ethiopia.
Abiy Ahmed Ali Religion
Abiy is a Christian by religion; he is a devout Evangelical Pentecostal Christian of the Full Gospel Believers Church.
Abiy Ahmed Education
Abiy graduated in 2001 with a Bachelor’s degree in computer engineering from the Microlink Information Technology College in Addis Ababa. In 2011 he graduated from the business school at Greenwich University, London with a Master of Arts in Transformational Leadership. In 2017 he earned his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University.
Abiy Ahmed Family
Abiy was born to Ahmed Ali and Tezeta Wolde. His father was a Muslim Oromo and his mother was an Orthodox Christian Amhara. His father was polygamous and had four wives. Abiy is the 13th child of his father.
Abiy Ahmed Wife
Abiy is married to Zinash Tayachew, an Amhara woman from Gondar. The couple met while they were both serving in the Ethiopian Defense Forces.
Abiy Ahmed Children
Abiy together with his wife are parents to three daughters and one adopted son.
Abiy Ahmed Ethiopian Prime Minister
Abiy was elected as the Prime Minister of Ethiopia by the House of Representatives on April 2, 2018. During his acceptance speech he promised political reform; to promote the unity of Ethiopia and unity among the peoples of Ethiopia; to reach out to the Eritrean government to resolve the ongoing Eritrean–Ethiopian border conflict after the Eritrean–Ethiopian War and to also reach out to the political opposition inside and outside of Ethiopia.
As the Prime Minister, he has presided over the release of thousands of political prisoners from Ethiopian jails and the rapid opening of the country’s political landscape.
On 30 May 2018, it was announced the ruling party would amend the country’s “draconian” anti-terrorism law, widely perceived as a tool of political repression. On 1 June 2018, Abiy announced the government would seek to end the state of emergency two months in advance of the expiration its six-month tenure, citing an improved domestic situation. On 4 June 2018, Parliament approved the necessary legislation, ending the state of emergency.
Abiy Ahmed Ethiopia – Eritrea Conflict
After he taking office he stated his willingness to negotiate an end to the Ethio-Eritrean conflict. In June 2018, it was announced that the government had agreed to hand over the disputed border town of Badme to Eritrea, thereby complying with the terms of the 2000 Algiers Agreement to bring an end to the state of tension between Eritrea and Ethiopia that had persisted despite the end of hostilities during the Ethiopia-Eritrea War.
On June 20, 2018 during the national celebration the president of Eritrea, Isaias Afwerki, accepted the peace initiative put forward by Abiy and suggested that he would send a delegation to Addis Ababa. On 26 June 2018, Eritrean Foreign Minister Osman Saleh Mohammed visited Addis Ababa in the first Eritrean high-level delegation to Ethiopia in over two decades.
On July 8, 2018 Abiy became the first Ethiopian leader to meet with an Eritrean counterpart in over two decades, in the 2018 Eritrea–Ethiopia summit. The very next day, the two signed a “Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship” declaring an end to tensions and agreeing, amongst other matters, to re-establish diplomatic relations; reopen direct telecommunication, road, and aviation links; and facilitate Ethiopian use of the ports of Massawa and Asseb.
Abiy Ahmed Nobel Peace Prize
Abiy Ahmed won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize on October 11, 2019 for his role in ending the 20-year war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after two decades of hostility. The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns (about £732,000) will be presented in the Norwegian capital of Oslo on 10 December.
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 11, 2019
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said: “Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed Ali has been awarded this year’s Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.”
The Nobel Institute in a statement said; “An important premise for the breakthrough was Abiy Ahmed’s unconditional willingness to accept the arbitration ruling of an international boundary commission in 2002.”
During Ahmed’s first 100 days as prime minister he has also lifted “the country’s state of emergency, granting amnesty to thousands of political prisoners, discontinuing media censorship, legalizing outlawed opposition groups, dismissing military and civilian leaders who were suspected of corruption, and significantly increasing the influence of women in Ethiopian political and community life.”
The Ethiopian Prime Minister’s office tweeted out a statement after Abiy Ahmed saying it was “pleased to express our pride” in the selection, adding that Abiy “has made peace, forgiveness and reconciliation key policy components of his administration.”
— Office of the Prime Minister – Ethiopia (@PMEthiopia) October 11, 2019
Abiy Ahmed Instagram
View this post on Instagram